Obstructive Sleep Apnea & SnoorinG
“ENHANCING SLEEP…ENRICHING LIVES”
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA), which causes then to stop breathing up to hundreds of times a night for anywhere from a few seconds to more than a minute. OSA is a chronic condition that occurs when your muscles relax during sleep, allowing soft tissue to collapse and block the airway. As a result, repeated breathing pauses occur, which reduces your oxygen levels. these pauses in breathing are followed by brief awakenings that disturb your sleep. Common signs of OSA include snoring and gasping or chocking sounds during sleep. Like snoring, OSA is more common in men, but it can occur in women too, especially during and after menopause. Having a few extra pounds, a narrow airway, misaligned jaw, teeth rotations, crowing or enlarged tongue all increase the risk of OSA.
Is Treating OSA Important?
Treating OSA is incredibly important to your overall health and well being. When left untreated, OSA can cause excessive daytime sleepiness or fatigue, as well as morning headaches and memory loss. OSA is a threat to your safety as it increases your risk of drowsy driving and workplace accidents. Untreated OSA raises your risk for serious health problems including: high blood pressure, stroke, heart disease, diabetes, chronic acid reflux, erectile dysfunction, early onset alzheimers and dementia. Sever untreated OSA even increases your reik of death.
How is OSA and Snoring Diagnosed?
A medical doctor must determine and diagnose you having either mild, moderate or severe OSA. A doctor who is a sleep specialist can provide you with a complete sleep evaluation. This may involve either an overnight sleep study at one of our areas sleep centers or a home sleep test (HST). Based on this study, your sleep physician will interpret the data to make a clinical diagnosis.
How are OSA and Snoring treated?
Your sleep physician will discuss treatment options with you and may include positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy, a Mandibular Repositioning Device therapy or in extreme cases surgery.
*PAP therapy involves wearing some type of face mask connected by tubing to a constantly running machine.
* A mandibular Repositioning Device therapy involves the use of a mouth-guard like device worn during sleep to bring the lower jaw to a comfortable forward position during sleep to maintain an open unobstructed airway.
*Surgical options include a variety of procedures with varying side effects and rates of success.
Snoring is a sound that occurs during sleep when soft tissue in the upper airway vibrates as you breath. Snoring is extremely common in men, but also occurs frequently in women, especially during pregnancy and menopause. Obesity, nasal obstruction, alcohol and smoking increase the risk of snoring. The sound of snoring tends to be most disturbing to a bed partner or roommate, but loud snoring can wake the person who snores, too. Loud and frequent snoring is a common sign of obstructive sleep apnea.
Oral Appliance Therapy
Research shows that oral appliance therapy is an effective treatment option for OSA and snoring. A Mandibular Repositioning Device is worn in the mouth only while you sleep and is similar in fit to a sports mouth guard or orthodontic retainer. Oral appliances support and advance your lower jaw in a forward position to help maintain an open upper airway.
Many patients consider an oral appliance to be more comfortable to wear than a PAP mask. The “gold standard” and the best treatment recommendation for a person with severe OSA is a PAP mask. In cases where a person cannot tolerate a PAP oral appliances are quiet, easy to care for and portable.
If you and your doctor decide that oral appliance therapy is the best treatment option for you or if you cannot tolerate your current PAP then please contact our office. There are more than 100 FDA cleared oral appliances on the market. Dr. Knight and his team will work closely with you to select the best appliance for you. Oral appliance therapy for the OSA is often covered under a patients medical health insurance plan.
Dr. John H. Knight, Jr DDS
Mini-Residency Dental Sleep Medicine
University of North Carolina School of Dentistry 2017
How We can Help
Dr. Knight will work closely with your sleep physician in order to treat your OSA and snoring. At your first visit, Dr. Knight will review with you in detail a your complete medical and dental health, a copy of your sleep study from your physician. He will complete a thorough evaluation including a clinical examination including an examination of your teeth, upper and lower jaws, tongue and airway and possibly a new panoramic or 3-D cone beam image showing our important skeletal features.